Carson, Los Angeles County
Towne Avenue Elementary School adjacent to Mor-Glo Paint &
Lacquer Company Dump.
1999 – In the past 10 years, at least 10 of 31 teachers at Towne
have been diagnosed with various types of cancer.
Fairfax, Marin County
Oak Manor Canyon Abandoned Dumpsite, at end of Oak Manor Drive.
1980s – Government testing reveals that vinyl chloride, and
1,4-dichlorobenzene in the drinking water wells. Residents are
alarmed at the high rate of cancer in their neighborhood.
Laytonville, Mendocino County
Laytonville Disposal Site and North Road Burn Dump
Health concerns date back to the 1980s, when residents living near the
dumps reported various types of cancer, and respiratory problems including asthma.
Casanova Oak Knoll, Monterey, Monterey County
Naval Auxiliary Air Station Monterey (433 acres with multiple dumpsites)
2001 – TCE groundwater plume is known to extend from the former air station
into the Casanova Oak Knoll Neighborhood as far as the Casanova Oak Knoll Center.
Residents raised concerns early on about the possibility of a cancer cluster in the neighborhood.
In an effort to find out more, the City of Monterey contacted the California Cancer Registry.
Sun Valley, Los Angeles County
John Francis Polytechnic High School adjacent to Sheldon-Arleta Dump.
2007 – Faculty have been concerned about their high rate of cancer since the 1980s.
Hamden, New Haven County
Newhall Street Neighborhood built on dumping ground
1890s to 1950s – Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Regional Water Authority,
municipalities and others dump in 100-acre landfill area.
1960s – Hamden Middle School and Newhall Street homes built on landfill waste
2001 – High concentrations of arsenic, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons throughout neighborhood
2004 – Residents form a coalition to draw attention to their high rate of cancer
Southington, Hartford County
Old Southington Landfill adjacent to Black Pond
1978 – Testing reveals that volatile organic compounds, including trichloroethane,
toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene have contaminated the groundwater beneath the landfill.
1979 – Municipal Water Well #5 is closed
1995 – State report confirms high cancer rates among people living near the landfill.
Plant City, Hillsborough County
Park Road Landfill and U.S. 92 Landfill
2004 – Plant City is one of two Florida communities included in a three-year study
of cancer clusters by researchers at Cornell University and University of Vermont
after residents report serious illness including cancer.
Port St. Lucie, St. Lucie County
Port St. Lucie Municipal Landfill beneath Fairwinds Golf Club
1980s – Testing confirms volatile organic compounds in groundwater
1990s – Government investigates possible cancer cluster.
Moreland, Bingham County
1993 – A resident contacts the Idaho Division of Health to report a high rate of brain
cancer among people living near the closed Moreland Dump. A state study of cancer
incidence states that residents living within a mile of the dump “experienced significantly
more cases of brain cancer than would be expected based upon Bingham County or the state of Idaho.”
Altgeld Gardens on top of Pullman Railroad Company Dump
1945 – Chicago Housing Authority builds 1,498 housing units on 190-acres of industrial waste.
1969 – After resident Hazel Johnson’s husband dies of lung cancer, she learns that dozens of her neighbors have cancer and other lung ailments. She also hears of children with birth defects and
an alarming number of miscarriages.
1979 – People for Community Recovery is founded by Hazel Johnson
1996 – U.S. EPA soil investigation reveals high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic
hydrocarbons, DDT, DDD, and DDE.
2007 – Residents of Altgeld Gardens continue to suffer from cancers, lung ailments, heart
problems, asthma, birth defects and miscarriages. Health studies have connected their illnesses
to carcinogenic chemicals in the soil and groundwater. Hazel Johnson and the organization
she founded, People for Community Recovery, have received awards from two presidents for
their environmental work, and yet the toxic waste remains beneath their homes.
New Orleans, Orleans County
Moton Elementary School and Garden Plaza homes were built on top of 190-acre Agriculture Street Dump.
1994 -Testing reveals that DDT, arsenic, lead, mercury, barium are in the soil and groundwater. US EPA reports high rate of breast cancer in the neighborhood.
Shreveport, Caddo County
Texaco Corp. Waste Oil Dump beneath Anderson Island homes
1997 – Residents file a class-action lawsuit against Texaco Corp. claiming that their cases of
cancer, lupus, and other health problems were caused by carcinogenic chemicals within the dump
Fairfield Center, Somerset County
1976-1985 – Gravel pits along Middle Road fill with hazardous waste.
1990 -Testing reveals high concentrations of arsenic, mercury,
methylene chloride, acetone and naphthalene in groundwater beneath the pits.
1999 – Maine Department of Environmental Protection conducts a health study of
residents living near the dump and announces that there is a cancer cluster in Fairfield
2002 – Residents living near the Middle Road dumping area settle a lawsuit out of
court with Kimberly-Clark Corp., S. D. Warren Company, Michael W. Wood and his
company, Central Maine Disposal of Winslow, and William and Jacqueline Hapworth.
Ashland, Middlesex County
Nyanza Chemical Waste Dump
1980s – Studies confirm carcinogenic chemicals in the groundwater.
2006 – State study links Ashland cancer cluster to Nyanza Chemical Waste Dump.
Attleboro, Bristol County
Shpack Dump and adjacent Attleboro Landfill
2002 – Massachusetts Department of Public Health agrees to conduct a cancer cluster study
in Norton and Attleboro at the urging of residents who suspect their cancers were caused by
chemicals in the landfills. Testing confirms groundwater is contaminated with volatile organic compounds
Berkley , Bristol County
Bogs Landing Dump (shares a 72-acre property with cranberry bogs)
Residents living in adjacent Cranberry Crossing homes have a high rate of cancer.
Billerica, Middlesex County
Shaffer Landfill in Iron Horse Park
Massachusetts Department of Public Health investigations have found high rates of lung cancer in the residential area adjacent to the landfill.
Lowell, Middlesex County
Silresim Chemical Waste Dump in Ayres City neighborhood
1987 – Residents report health problems including shortness of breath, cough, persistent colds, irregular heartbeat, constant fatigue and bowel dysfunction. Carcinogenic chemicals have contaminated groundwater and a brook that empties into the Concord River.
Norton (Chartley section), Bristol County
Shpack Dump, and adjacent Attleboro Landfill
2002 – Massachusetts Department of Public Health agrees to conduct a cancer cluster study in Norton and Attleboro at the urging of residents who suspect their cancers were caused by wastes dumped in the landfills. Testing confirms groundwater is contaminated with volatile organic compounds.
Pittsfield, Berkshire County
General Electric Landfill along Housatonic River
1980s – Newell Street residents discover that their properties are on top of waste
from General Electric. PCBs are on over 100 properties.
1999 – Residents report many cancers in Newell Street neighborhood.
Wilmington, Middlesex County
Olin Chemical Dump
1999 – Kelly Hill residents contact Massachusetts Department of Public Health after a number of children are diagnosed with brain cancer, Hodgkin’s disease, leukemia, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
2003 – Five municipal drinking water wells are closed after testing reveals chemical contamination.
Woburn, Middlesex County
Industri Plex Dump, W.R. Grace Dump and J.J. Riley Tannery Dump
1986 - W. R. Grace settles lawsuit with residents who charge that volatile organic compounds of
drinking water wells caused leukemia deaths of at least 5 children and one adult since 1978.
Weldon Spring, Saint Charles County
U.S. Department of Energy Radioactive Dump
2002 – After entombing a seven story mound of radioactive waste left from decades of
bomb making, the U.S. Department of Energy opens Weldon Spring Park to the public.
A spring in a nearby wildlife refuge is contaminated with uranium. Weldon Spring residents
voice their concerns to town officials after several children are diagnosed with leukemia.
Atkinson, Rockingham County
Atkinson Dump (on Meditation Lane)
2002 – State begins cancer cluster investigation of Providence Hill neighborhood
Gilford, Belknap County
Gas Services Inc. Coal Tar Dump (on Liberty Hill Road)
2006 – Anonymous letter sent to the town listing Liberty Hill residents who have died of cancer
2007 – New Hampshire Dept. of Environmental Services ongoing cancer cluster investigation
Brick Township, Ocean County
Brick Township Landfill, and McCormick Dump
1987 – Testing reveals cadmium and volatile organic compounds in groundwater beneath the dumpsites.
1999 – Federal health officials believe they may have found a cluster of autism,
something that has never before been documented.
2000 – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirm high rates of
autistic disorder and ASD in Brick Township.
Pitman, Gloucester County
Volatile organic compounds have contaminated Alcyon Lake and the Cohansey Aquifer
2001 – Adults who attended a girl scout camp by Alcyon Lake in the 1970s
settle a multimillion-dollar lawsuit against companies that used the landfill,
claiming their cancers and other illnesses were caused by chemicals in the dump.
Ringwood, Passaic County
Ringwood Mines/Landfill, Peters Mine Road
1967 to 1971 – Ford Motor Company dumps toluene, xylene,
ethylbenzene, arsenic, PCBs and lead into Cannon Mine and Peter’s Mine.
2005 – State officials report that people living in the area have a higher
incidence of lung and bladder cancers, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Sayreville, Middlesex County
Sayreville Landfill II, and Sayreville Landfill III
Toms River, Ocean County
Ciba-Geigy Chemical Dump, Reich Farm Dump, and Dover Township Dump
2001 – A six-year government study links childhood cancers to drinking water contaminated by chemicals in the Ciba-Geigy Dump.
Elmira, Chemung County
Southside High School on top of Remington Rand Dump
2000 – Government officials begin investigating a possible cancer cluster at the school. High concentrations of chromium and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are found at dozens of spots in the athletic fields.
Haverstraw, Rockland County
Warren Court homes on dump
1990 – Residents begin suffering health problems including headaches, rashes, diarrhea and breathing problems.
Love Canal, Niagara Falls, Niagara County
Hooker Chemical Dump
1980s – Residents are relocated after studies show childhood illnesses and high rate of birth defects.
2004 – Love Canal neighborhood is renamed Black Creek Village
Bronx, New York City
Adlai Stevenson High School
1994 – At least 36 teachers have been diagnosed with cancer since the school opened, 16 have died.
The neighborhood was marshland before developers brought in landfill and built private homes,
apartment buildings and the high school.
Pelham Bay Municipal Dump
2006 – High incidence of leukemia and Hodgkin’s disease in neighborhood surrounding dump
Staten Island, New York City
Fresh Kills Landfill, Brookfield Landfill
2004 – Residents with cancer who live within blocks of the landfills are still waiting for their day
in court after suing the city in 1993. Benzene, lead, mercury and other toxins have contaminated groundwater on 3,000 acres of former wetlands.
Manhattan, New York City
Landfill beneath World Trade Center and Battery Park City
Otego, Otsego County
2005 – New York Senator Charles E. Schumer announces he has written the federal Environmental Protection Agency urging immediate and thorough investigation of the Otego Landfill after residents living near the dump contact him, voicing concern that chemicals from the dump are causing cancers and birth defects.
Long Island (multiple cancer clusters)
- three aquifers are the sole source of Long Island fresh drinking water
Hempstead, Nassau County
North Hempstead, Nassau County
Port Washington Landfill
Oyster Bay, Nassau County
Old Bethpage Landfill, and Syosset Landfill
East Hampton, Suffolk County
Montauk Landfill, East Hampton Landfill
Hauppauge, Town Of Islip, Suffolk County
Islip Municipal Sanitary Landfill aka Blydenburgh Road Landfill
East Northport, Suffolk County
Northport Veterans Administration Medical Center Landfill
Southampton, Suffolk County
North Sea Municipal Landfill
Upton, Suffolk County
Brookhaven National Laboratory dumps, RCA Rocky Point Landfill, Heins Landfill,
Pine Road Ecology, and Yaphank Landfill
Garfield Heights, Cuyahoga County
R & B Landfill (100 acres)
2001 – City View Center is approved to be built on the landfill. The developer is allowed
to keep the waste onsite creating a mound 1,100 feet long, 400 feet wide and 60 feet high.
2005 – Ohio Environmental Protection Agency gives final approval for City View Center development. The retail center will include Wal-Mart, Giant Eagle, Circuit City, Bed Bath & Beyond, OfficeMax and Dick’s Sporting Goods.
2007 – City View Center is sinking into the toxic waste dump just a year after opening.
Nearby residents have reported serious illnesses for years, including rare forms of brain cancer.
Marion, Marion County
World War II Military Dump
1960s – River Valley Middle/High School complex is built on top dump
1999 – Ohio Department of Health begins cancer cluster study in response
to the high rate of cancer among graduates of River Valley High School.
Tiffin, Seneca County
Tiffin Dump, on Sandusky River
2001 – Testing reveals volatile organic compounds in groundwater beneath the dump. Residents have
been alarmed at their high rate of cancer and have requested testing at the dump for over 30 years.
Trenton, Butler County
Trenton Dump – west of railroad tracks, north of State Street
Trenton Dump – east of railroad tracks, north of State Street
Butler County Dump on Woodsdale Road
Trenton overlies the Great Miami River Buried Valley Aquifer, the sole source of its water supply.
Norristown, Montgomery County
1950s – Forrest Avenue & West Elm Street homes are built on a landfill
2003 – EPA investigates reported cancer cluster in neighborhood
Dickson, Dickson County
Dickson City/County Dump, on Eno Road
1991 – Testing reveals TCE in drinking water wells of Harry and Lavenia Holt.
2004 – The Holts file a lawsuit against Dickson City and County claiming that
family health problems including Attention Deficit Hypertension Disorder,
stomach polyps and cancer were caused by chemicals dumped at the landfill.
Toone, Hardeman County
Velsicol Chemical Company Landfill
1978 – EPA warns residents near the landfill not to drink water from their wells.
Residents file a $2.5 billion class-action suit claiming that their cancers and other
illnesses were caused by exposure to chemicals from the landfill.
1986 – U.S. District Judge rules that Velsicol Chemical Company is liable for contamination of
Toone’s water supply and awards over $22 million in damages to residents.
Corpus Christie, Nueces County
Landfill adjacent to Cunningham Junior High School
2006 – High cancer rate among graduates of Cunningham Junior High School.
Houston, Harris County
Gulf Waste Oil Pits beneath Kennedy Heights neighborhood
1997 – 1,400 residents file a lawsuit alleging that sludge from oil pits contaminated their drinking water supply and caused health problems including lupus, birth defects, brain tumors and cancers. Toxicologist Marvin Legator of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston testifies that Kennedy Heights residents were exposed to PAHs through their water.
Houston, Harris County
Brio Refinery, Inc. Dump
1982 – Southbend subdivision is built adjacent to the dump
1989 – Residents conduct a health survey and find high rates of miscarriages and birth defects
1992 – Six chemical companies and the developer agree to buy the Southbend homes.
Houston, Harris County
Booker Landfill adjacent to Acres Homes subdivision
2001 – For six years residents have been asking the city of Houston to investigate and cleanup the landfill that was shut down more than 20 years ago. Since then, around 70 residents have developed cancer and 22 have died.
Spanish Fork, Utah County
Spanish Fork Ranch subdivision built on top of closed Spanish Fork Landfill
2001 – Residents who suffered illnesses and hair loss sue the developer who built their community. The County Health Department orders all homes moved.
Rutland, Rutland County
Rutland Town Elementary School built on contaminated fill soils. Faculty reports high rate of cancer.
Chafin Hollow, Chauncey, Logan County
Old town dump used by Omar mercantile is beneath Omar Elementary School
2003 – Cancer cluster investigation of Omar Elementary School